Bottom-up AI governance

Evelyn Shi • 25 May 2019
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  public
Good Governance can lead to widely accepted AI strategies and regulation. The goal of the presented strategy should be inclusive, based on transparent reports decided on Member State level.

AI is becoming more and more present in our everyday's lives. Innovation, talent and venture capital are essential for the development of AI technology. Still in the early phase of development and scientific advancement, we acknowledge the necessity to leave enough freedom for AI to be developped in the most innovative and creative way, but also the necessity to address possible dangers that AI poses for our societies.

For the long term, an EU approach is desired, but for the moment, we need a bottom-up EU initiative. Currently, there is no consensus and often a lack of knowledge and ressources on many issues concerning AI, making a serious EU strategy impossible. Starting from the EU, the Members States should therefore establish independent working groups, which will include all levels of their societies for their report, which must be published within 2 years. Based on this report, governments should discuss which areas are most pressing to be regulated, and which areas should stay unregulated to leave room for innovation. The areas that many EU Member States decided to regulate are European-wide challenges and should eventually be regulated as a EU competence according to Art. 188 TFEU.

The working groups should be composed of 10-20 permanent members and located at the competent authorities. They should come from different fields to facilitate an independent and interdisciplinary approach. Politicians, academics, industries and civil society should take the same part in the process. The permanent members can recrute more members for individual working groups for certain issues (f.e. AI in medicine, AI in the public sector, AI for defence, AI for marketing, etc.), The process is accompanied with a transparent online plattform with the goal to include as many participants as possible in the discussion. The working group has to inform the civil society of its progress and also take in their ideas from the plattform, but also from events that they should organise on a regular basis (discussions, conferences, workshops, etc.). These events should be directed to different stakeholders (students, workers, academics, etc.). The permanent members should meet regularly to discuss their progress and research. On a European level, the working groups should also meet to exchange and coordinate their progress and reports.